commencement of the next regular session of Congress, unless Congress shall expressly provide by law therefor: . . .
SEC. 4. [Penalty for disobedience of orders of President.]
SEC. 5. And be further enacted, That courts-martial for the trial of militia shall be composed of militia officers only.
SEC. 6. [Fines, how collected and paid.]
SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That the marshals of the several districts of the United States, and their deputies, shall have the same powers in executing the laws of the United States as sheriffs and their deputies in the several States, have by law, in executing the laws of the respective States. SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That sections two, three, and four of the act . . . [of February 28, 1795,] . . . and so much of the residue of said act and of all other acts as conflict with this act are hereby repealed.
APPROVED, July 29, 1861.
A BILL "to define and punish certain conspiracies" was presented in the House, July 15, by John Hickman of Pennsylvania, and passed by a vote of 123 to 7. In the Senate the printing of a minority report submitted by Bayard of Delaware and Powell of Kentucky was refused by a vote of 10 to 29, and on the 26th the bill in amended form passed the Senate. Nine Senators entered a protest against the bill. The amendment of the Senate was concurred in by the House on the 30th, and the next day the act was approved.
REFERENCES. -- Text in U.S. Statutes at Large, XII, 284. The important proceedings are those of the Senate for July 24 and 26 ( Cong. Globe, 37th Cong., 1st Sess.).
An Act to define and punish certain Conspiracies.
Be it enacted . . ., That if two or more persons within any State or Territory of the United States shall conspire together to overthrow, or to put down, or to destroy by force, the Govern-