January 1, 1863
A DRAFT of an emancipation proclamation was read to the Cabinet by Lincoln, July 22, 1862, but at Seward's suggestion the paper was laid aside until an important Union victory should have been won. The desired victory came at Antietam, September 16-17. A preliminary proclamation was issued September 22, and the definitive one January 1, 1863. December 15, in the House, a resolution declaring that the proclamation of September 22 "is warranted by the Constitution," and that the policy of emancipation "was well chosen as a war measure, and is an exercise of power with proper regard for the rights of the States and the perpetuity of free government," was adopted by a vote of 78 to 51.
REFERENCES . -- Text in U.S. Statutes at Large, XII, 1268, 1269. Various resolutions submitted in the House and Senate are collected in McPherson, Rebellion, 209-233; on Fremont's proclamation of August 31, 1861, see ibid., 245-247. On the general subject see Adams, Charles Francis Adams, chap. 16; Morse, Lincoln, II, chaps. 1, 4; McCall, Thaddeus Stevens, chap. 12; Storey, Sumner, chap. 12; John Sherman, Recollections, I, chap. 14; Nicolay and Hay, Lincoln, VI, chaps. 6, 8, 9; Rhodes, United States, IV, 69-72, 157-163, 212-219; Dunning, Essays, 49-56; Garrisons' Garrison, IV, chap. 3; House Exec. Doc. 72, 37th Cong., 3d Sess.
WHEREAS, on the twenty-second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, a proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other things, the following, to wit:
"That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any state or designated part of a state, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever, free; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the