tude or labor, the person convicted before a court of competent jurisdiction of such act shall be punished by fine of not less than fifteen hundred dollars, and be imprisoned not less than five nor more than twenty years.
SEC. 14. And be it further enacted, That every person who shall hereafter hold or exercise any office, civil or military, except offices merely ministerial, and military offices below the grade of colonel, in the rebel service, state or confederate, is hereby declared not to be a citizen of the United States.
February 8, 1865
A JOINT resolution declaring certain States not eligible to representation in the electoral college was presented in the House, December 19, 1864, by Wilson of Iowa, and passed the House January 30, 1865. The resolution was reported in the Senate February 1, with an amendment to the preamble. An amendment to strike out Louisiana from the list of States named was rejected, and on the 4th, by a vote of 29 to 10, the amended resolution passed the Senate. The House concurred in the Senate amendment. In his message of approval, February 8, Lincoln disclaimed "all right of the Executive to interfere in any way in the matter of canvassing or counting electoral votes," and further disclaimed "that by signing said resolution he has expressed any opinion on the recitals of the preamble or any judgment of his own upon the subject of the resolution,"
REFERENCES.-- Text in U.S. Statutes at Large, XIII, 567, 568. For the proceedings see the House and Senate Journals, 38th Cong., 2d Sess., and the Cong. Globe.
Joint Resolution declaring certain States not entitled to Representation in the Electoral College.
WHEREAS the inhabitants and local authorities of the States of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and Tennessee rebelled against the government of the United States, and were in such condition on the eighth day of November, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, that no valid election for electors of President and Vice-President of the United States, accord-