and such clemency will be liberally extended as may be consistent with the facts of the case and the peace and dignity of the United States.
for North Carolina
May 29, 1865
THE appointment of military governors in the States lately in rebellion, and the reëstablishment of the State governments under their direction, were steps of primary importance in the plan of executive reconstruction proposed by President Johnson. Appointments similar to that in North Carolina were proclaimed June 13, for Mississippi; June 17, for Georgia and Texas; June 21, for Alabama; June 30, for South Carolina, and July 13, for Florida. An executive order of May 9 had declared the authority of the United States reëstablished in Virginia, directed the various departments of the national government to resume operations in that State, and promised federal aid to Governor Pierpont if necessary.
REFERENCES. -- Text in U.S. Statutes at Large, XIII, 760, 761. On Johnson's theory of reconstruction in this connection see his annual message of December 4, 1865; see also Cox, Three Decades, chaps. 18, 27-31; McCall, Thaddeus Stevens, chap. 14.
WHEREAS the fourth section of the fourth article of the Constitution of the United States declares that the United States shall guarantee to every state in the Union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion and domestic violence; and whereas the President of the United States is, by the constitution, made commander-in-chief of the army and navy, as well as chief civil executive officer of the United States, and is bound by solemn oath faithfully to execute the office of President of the United States, and to take care that the laws be faithfully executed; and whereas the rebellion,