REFERENCES. -- Text in Revised Statutes of the United States (ed. 1878), 30. For the proceedings in Congress see the House and Senate Journals, 38th Cong., 1st and 2d Sess., and the Cong. Globe. The principal propositions submitted are collected in McPherson, Rebellion, 255-259. On the scope of the amendment see Slaughter House Cases, 16 Wallace, 36. See also Cox, Three Decades, chap. 16; Nicolay and Hay, Lincoln, X, chap. 4.
SEC. 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, save as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
SEC. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
tion at an End
April 2, 1866
IN a message to the Senate December 18, 1865, in response to a resolution of December 12, President Johnson stated that the rebellion had been suppressed; "that the United States are in possession of every State in which the insurrection existed, and that, as far as it could be done, the courts of the United States have been restored, post-offices reëstablished, and steps taken to put into effective operation the revenue laws of the country." Various executive orders in regard to the blockade, commercial intercourse, habeas corpus, etc., preceded the proclamation of April 2. A similar proclamation of August 20 declared the insurrection in Texas at an end.
REFERENCES. -- Text in U.S. Statutes at Large, XIV, 811-813. As to when the war ended see United States v. Anderson, 9 Wallace, 56, and The Protector, 12ibid., 700.
(The proclamation recites the proclamations of April 15 and 19 and August 16, 1861, July 1, 1862, and April 2, 1863, the resolutions of the House and Senate July 22 and 25, 1861, on the nature of the war, and the proclamation of June 13, 1865, declaring the insurrection in Tennessee to have been suppressed, and continues:)