Treasury thereupon to communicate such notice to all the proper accounting and disbursing officers of his department.
SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That no money shall be paid or received from the treasury, or paid or received from or retained out of any public moneys or funds of the United States, whether in the treasury or not, to or by or for the benefit of any person appointed to or authorized to act in or holding or exercising the duties or functions of any office contrary to the provisions of this act; nor shall any claim, account, voucher, order, certificate, warrant, or other instrument providing for or relating to such payment, receipt, or retention, be presented, passed, allowed, approved, certified, or paid by any officer of the United States, or by any person exercising the functions or performing the duties of any office or place of trust under the United States, for or in respect to such office, or the exercising or performing the functions or duties thereof; and every person who shall violate any of the provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and, upon trial and conviction thereof, shall be punished therefor by a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding ten years, or both said punishments, in the discretion of the court.
March 2, 1867
By an act of May 11, 1866, amending the habeas corpus act of March 3, 1863 [No. 32], orders from the President, the Secretary of War, or a military commander were declared to be a defence to suits on account of such acts. An act of February 5, 1867, gave authority to United States courts to issue the writ of habeas corpus in the case of any person restrained of liberty in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States, and extended the appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court to all such cases; while the act of March 2, 1867, validated all proclamations and orders of the President respecting martial law, and acts done under them, from March 4, 1861, to July 1,