of which any attempt shall hereafter be made to establish, maintain, or enforce, directly or indirectly, the voluntary or involuntary service or labor of any persons as peons, in liquidation of any debt or obligation, or otherwise, be, and the same are hereby, declared null and void; and any person or persons who shall hold, arrest, or return, or cause to be held, arrested, or returned, or in any manner aid in the arrest or return of any person or persons to a condition of peonage, shall, upon conviction, be punished by fine not less than one thousand nor more than five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not less than one nor more than five years, or both, at the discretion of the court.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of all persons in the military or civil service in the Territory of New Mexico to aid in the enforcement of the foregoing section of this act; and any person or persons who shall obstruct or attempt to obstruct, or in any way interfere with, or prevent the enforcement of this act, shall be liable to the pains and penalties hereby provided; and any officer or other person in the military service of the United States who shall so offend, directly or indirectly, shall, on conviction before a court-martial, be dishonorably dismissed the service of the United States, and shall thereafter be ineligible to reappointment to any office of trust, honor, or profit under the government.
APPROVED, March 2, 1867.
March 2, 1867
A BILL to prohibit payments to disloyal persons was introduced in the House, December 20, 1866, by Columbus Delano of Ohio, and passed the same day. February 23, 1867, the Senate added the proviso of the act as an amendment. A conference committee settled the final form of the bill.
REFERENCES. -- Text in U.S. Statutes at Large, XIV, 571. For the proceedings see the House and Senate Journals, 39th Cong., 2d Sess., and the Cong. Globe. There was little discussion of the merits of the bill.