sixty-eight, and for other purposes," approved March two, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, as prohibits the organization, arming, or calling into service of the militia forces in the States of Georgia, Mississippi, Texas, and Virginia, be, and the same is hereby, repealed.
APPROVED, July 15, 1870.
January 12, 1871
THE question of the annexation of the island of Dominica, or San Domingo, began to be widely discussed in 1869. A commissioner, Orville E. Babcock, was sent to the island by President Grant, and November 29 a treaty of annexation was concluded. The treaty was ratified by San Domingo, but the opposition in the United States was strong. In a special message of May 31, 1870, Grant, who had throughout strongly favored annexation, urged ratification, but June 30 the treaty was rejected by the Senate. In his annual message of December 5 Grant discussed the matter at length, and suggested that Congress authorize the appointment of a commission to negotiate for the acquisition of the island. December 9 Sumner submitted in the Senate a resolution calling for papers and correspondence, and also for a considerable variety of information about San Domingo. On the 12th a resolution substantially identical with the one finally agreed upon was introduced by Oliver P. Morton of Indiana, and on the 21st, after an all-night session, passed by a vote of 32 to 9, 30 not voting. The House, by a vote of 108 to 76, 50 not voting, added the proviso of section 3, and on January 10, agreed to the resolution as amended, the vote being 123 to 63, 47 not voting. The next day the Senate, by a vote of 57 to 0, concurred. Sumner's resolution was agreed to January 4. The report of the commissioners was transmitted to Congress April 5; but Grant, though still maintaining his opinion in favor of annexation, recognized the divided state of public opinion, and recommended that Congress take no immediate action beyond printing the report.
REFERENCES.--Text in U.S. Statutes at Large, XVI, 591. For the proceedings see the House and Senate Journals, 41st Cong., 3d Sess., and the Cong. Globe. The report of the commissioners is Senate Exec. Doc. 9, 42d Cong., 1st Sess.; see also Senate Misc. Doc. 35, ibid.; Senate Exec. Doc. 53, 42d Cong., 2d Sess.; Senate Exec. Doc. 17 and House Exec. Docs. 42 and 43, 41st Cong., 3d Sess.; Pierce, Sumner, IV, chaps. 55 and 56.