supersede or repeal any former act or law except so far as the same may be repugnant thereto; and any offences heretofore committed against the tenor of any former act shall be prosecuted, and any proceeding already commenced for the prosecution thereof shall be continued and completed, the same as if this act had not been passed, except so far as the provisions of this act may go to sustain and validate such proceedings.
APPROVED, April 20, 1871.
OF the unsettled diplomatic questions between Great Britain and the United States in 1871, the most important were those regarding the northwestern boundary, under the treaty of June 15, 1847; claims of American citizens for property captured or destroyed by Confederate vessels of war fitted out in England, commonly known as the "Alabama claims"; claims against the United States for losses by British subjects during the Civil War, and the fisheries. A treaty referring the Alabama claims to arbitration was rejected by the Senate in April, 1869. The existing grounds of dispute were dealt with by the treaty of Washington, concluded May 8, 1871. September 14, 1872, the Geneva tribunal awarded to the United States $15,500,000 in satisfaction of the claims presented. A court of commissioners of Alabama claims was created by act of June 23, 1874, and reëstablished by act of June 5, 1882.
REFERENCES . -- Text in U.S. Statutes at Large, XVII, 863-877. The documents are collected in Papers relating to the Treaty of Washington British Case and Evidence; British Counter Case; Claims of the United States against Great Britain, and Documents and Proceedings of the Halifax Commission. The text of the award is in Wharton, International Law Digest, III, 631-635. On the treaty see Cushing, Treaty of Washington; Moore, International Arbitrations, chaps. 14 and 15, and Appendix K; J. C. B. Davis , in Treaties and Conventions, 1333- 1335, 1363- 1367; C. F. Adams, Treaty of Washington (in Lee at Appomattox and Other Essays); C. F. Charles Francis Adams Adams , chap. 19; Blaine, Twenty Years of Congress, II, chap. 20. On the rejected treaty see Sumner's speech of April 13, 1869, in Cong. Globe, 41St Cong., 1st Sess., Appendix, 21-26. The Alabama claims