Select Statutes and Other Documents: Illustrative of the History of the United States, 1861-1898

By William MacDonald | Go to book overview

No. 107. Act restricting Chinese Immigration
May 6, 1882

A BILL "to restrict the immigration of Chinese to the United States" was vetoed by President Hayes, March 1, 1879, principally on the ground of the interference of the proposed act with the Burlingame treaty of 1869. April 6, 1882, a bill "to execute certain treaty stipulations relating to Chinese" was introduced in the House by Campbell P. Berry of California, and referred to the Committee on Education and Labor, together with a bill "to regulate, limit, and suspend the immigration of Chinese laborers," introduced by Albert S. Willis of Kentucky. A substitute for the Berry bill was reported April 12, and on the 17th, by a vote of 202 to 37, 52 not voting, the rules were suspended and the bill passed. The Senate in committee added numerous amendments, among them amendments striking out sections 14 and 15, forbidding naturalization and defining "Chinese laborers": these last two amendments were non-concurred in by the Senate by votes of 26 to 32 and 20 to 25, respectively. On the 28th the bill passed the Senate. The amendments of the Senate were accepted by the House. The act was amended in numerous details by an act of July 5, 1884, and made to apply "to all subjects of China and Chinese, whether subjects of China or any other foreign power." A supplementary act of October 1, 1888, forbade the return of Chinese laborers who had left the United States. The acts of May 6, 1882, and July 5, 1884, were repealed by section 15 of the act of September 13, 1888 [No. 119].

REFERENCES. -- Text in U.S. Statutes at Large, XXII, 58-61. For the proceedings see the House and Senate Journals, 47th Cong., 1st Sess., and the Cong. Record. The text of the House bill is in the Record, April 17; the Senate amendments are in ibid., April 25. The report accompanying the House bill is House Report 1017. On the general subject see, besides Hayes veto message, Senate Report 689, 44th Cong., 2d Sess.; House Report 240 and Senate Misc. Doc. 36, 45th Cong., 2d Sess.; House Report 62, ibid., 3d Sess.; House Exec. Doc. 70 and House Report 572, 46th Cong., 2d Sess.

An act to execute certain treaty stipulations relating to Chinese.

WHEREAS, in the opinion of the Government of the United States the coming of Chinese laborers to this country endangers the good order of certain localities within the territory thereof: Therefore,

Be it enacted . . ., That from and after the expiration of ninety days next after the passage of this act, and until the expiration of

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