February 8, 1887
A BILL to provide for the allotment of lands in severalty to Indians was introduced in the Senate, December 8, 1885, by Dawes of Massachusetts, and referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs. The bill was reported January 28, 1886, and February 25 passed. The bill was reported without amendment in the House April 20, but no further action was taken during the session. December 15 the bill was taken up, and the next day passed the House. The Senate disagreeing to the amendments of the House, the bill went to a conference committee. The report of the committee was agreed to by the House January 21, 1887, and by the Senate January 25. An amending act of February 28, 1891, extended the benefits of the act and provided for the lease of allotments in certain cases.
REFERENCES. -- Text in U.S. Statutes at Large, XXIV, 388-391. For the proceedings see the House and Senate Journals, 49th Cong., 1st and 2d Sess., and the Cong. Record.
An act to provide for the allotment of lands in severalty to Indians on the various reservations, and to extend the protection of the laws of the United States and the Territories over the Indians, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted . . ., That in all cases where any tribe or band of Indians has been, or shall hereafter be, located upon any reservation created for their use, either by treaty stipulation or by virtue of an act of Congress or executive order setting apart the same for their use, the President of the United States be, and he hereby is, authorized, whenever in his opinion any reservation or any part thereof of such Indians is advantageous for agricultural and grazing purposes, to cause said reservation, or any part thereof, to be surveyed, or resurveyed if necessary, and to allot the lands in said reservation in severalty to any Indian[s] located thereon in quantities as follows:
To each head of a family, one-quarter of a section;
To each single person over eighteen years of age, one-eighth of a section;