The Modern Development of City Government in the United Kingdom and the United States

By Ernest S. Griffith | Go to book overview

II
BRITISH CITIES BEFORE 18701

Prior to 1835 city self-government was eclipsed by Parliamentary interference--England becomes committed to a local revenue system based upon occupancy--After 1835 the functional concept of local government determined the local framework--Administrative centralization becomes a factor--The contrast with United States cities in 1870.


INTRODUCTORY

§ 1. Significance of early period. When one considers the British city as it existed in 1870, the contrast with the American city stands out clearly. At that time the divergence was probably at its greatest. The course by which the American city broke away from a possible parallel development has already been traced, and a consideration of the British city is in order.

Obviously any such treatment can in no way properly be termed a history; for the interest at this point, as in America, is only in matters that have proved of lasting significance, or that serve to explain the divergence between the two countries. This involves first a study of

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Principal works consulted: Redlich and Hirst, Local Governmelit; Ashley, Local and Central Government in England and the U.S.; Fairlie, Municipal Administration; Cannan, History of Local Rates; Morris, English Public Health; Mackay, English Poor Law; Brodrick, Local Government in England; Gomme, Principles of Local Government; Report on Local Taxation (H.C. 470, 1870); First Report of Commission on Municipal Corporations (H.C. 116, 1835); Muir, Liverpool; Heley, Birmingham City Government, in Muirhead, Birmingham; Webb, Grants in Aid; Grice, National and Local Finance; Balfour, Educational Systems; Odgers, Local Government.

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The Modern Development of City Government in the United Kingdom and the United States
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents to Volume I vii
  • Contents to Volume II ix
  • Diagrams xii
  • Introduction xiii
  • Part I - Historical 1
  • I - United States Cities Before 1870 3
  • II - British Cities Before 1870 30
  • III - United States Cities--1870-1900 58
  • IV - British Cities 1870-1900 166
  • V - United States Cities 1900-1924 251
  • VI - British Cities 1900-1924 336
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