BRITISH CITIES 1870-1900
The inherent difficulties of Parliamentary control of city government are interference of rural interests, domination of the functional concept, subordination of the localities to the exigencies of central finance--Local self-government makes good use of its new opportunities, though there is a tendency to rely on central aid--Reasons for this--Attention is directed to local government--Crises in framework and finance are met--1888, and its lost opportunity of an adequate solution--In the early '90's, local self-government responds to the unusual opportunities offered through greater powers, more adequate resources, and better areas and boundaries--By the close of the century the blighting effects of the rating system again appear--The class lines and the lack of education determine that humanitarianism shall assume a Paternal aspect.
§ 1. Economic and political factors. The last thirty years of the nineteenth century witnessed the struggle of an inherently vigorous self-government with a number of extraneous factors which hampered its natural development. These extraneous factors--particularly where the represented an economic interest--were often centred in Parliament, and thus to a considerable extent were beyond the control of the locality.
The Reform Act of 1867 showed the steady growth of democratic sentiment in political matters. It brought with it a series of changes which were almost as decisive in the development of city government as were those