BRITISH CITIES 1900-1924
National events overshadow local government and bring an increase in centralization--The functional growth continues, but is not accompanied by a growth in local interest or capability--Difficulties in boundaries and finance become increasingly acute, but without remedies--Local self-reliance declines, with the gains in central influence under the grant-in-aid.
§ 1. Pre-war years. The period represents a stage of transition for British municipal government. Had the cities been left to themselves, it is probable that their evolution would have followed much the same lines as were evidenced in the '90's. But parliamentary action and influence were again in the ascendant, and began to dominate local considerations. As a consequence, many extraneous factors again hampered municipal self- government.
The first years of the period were under Conservative rule, and some of its peculiar characteristics left their stamp on local government. The denominational schools were transferred to the rates in 1902. In 1904 the possession of a licensed premise was converted into a vested right--not to be taken away without compensation at monopoly value.1 The Liberal government, which came____________________