The Transformation of Criminal Justice, Philadelphia, 1800-1880

By Allen Steinberg | Go to book overview

Epilogue

Philadelphia's notoriously corrupt late nineteenth-century system of criminal justice, controlled by the machine and dominated by the police, was built on the structure of primary justice that had been created by the new constitution. No one really had just such a criminal justice system in mind when the constitution was ratified, but then no one involved in shaping the new structure got just what they wanted. So, as the politicians gained control of the centralized structure of prosecution, they drew from their experience with the decentralized one. The corruption of the police and the magistrates after 1874 rested largely on the now extinct relationship between aldermen and private litigants.

Nonetheless, when the first twenty-four police magistrates were elected in February 1875, the criminal justice system in Philadelphia was markedly different from what it had been just a generation earlier. Before 1850 the gates of criminal justice were kept by fee-dependent aldermen who, along with the grand jury, courts of record, and the prison, comprised virtually the entire system. The city's paltry assemblage of night watchmen and day police had little impact on the criminal courts. At the dawn of the magistrates' courts era, the city's criminal justice apparatus was dominated by a large, professional police department. The new magistrates, like all other criminal justice officials, were now salaried officers of the state. The prosecution of cases in the courts of record was more frequently overseen by the district attorney, and the consequences of these prosecutions were ameliorated when necessary by the prison agent. Not only was there now a county prison and a state penitentiary, but there was also a house of correction for minor offenders.

However impressive these structural changes were, their practical effects were to bring an end to endemic street disorder and to delegitimize private prosecution. All of the major new components of the process of criminal justice--the police, the district attorney, the prison agent, and the police magistrates--were designed to place control over the process in the hands of salaried officials of city administration and to remove it from ordinary citizens and neighborhood politicians. Together these changed signalled a new epoch in criminal justice.

With the fee system and the old alderman's offices abolished, the

-224-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Transformation of Criminal Justice, Philadelphia, 1800-1880
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vi
  • Preface vii
  • Introduction: the Greatest Luxury of All 1
  • Part I the Duality of Criminal Justice 11
  • 1. Courtrooms and Cases 13
  • Part Ii the World of Private Prosecution 35
  • 2. the Aldermen and Primary Justice 37
  • 3. the Courts of Record 56
  • 4. the Weakness of Court Officials 79
  • 5. Politics and Private Prosecution, 1800-1850 92
  • Part III the Rise of State Prosecution 117
  • 6. the Origins of Police Authority 119
  • 7. Consolidation and Compromise 150
  • Part Iv the Decline of Private Prosecution 169
  • 8. the Impact of Consolidation 171
  • 9. the Transformation of Primary Justice 196
  • Epilogue 224
  • Appendix 233
  • Notes 251
  • Bibliography 307
  • Index 323
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 326

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.