Executive Control Processes in Reading

By Bruce K. Britton; Shawn M. Glynn | Go to book overview


TYPOGRAPHY AND EXECUTIVE CONTROL PROCESSES IN READING . . . . . . .3

James Hartley University of Keele, U.K.


READING AND EXECUTIVE CONTROL PROCESSES

Reading is a complex cognitive task. The simple word reading describes a skill that subsumes a number of different component processes, many of which are discussed in detail in other chapters of this textbook. In this chapel I begin by making a few simple and rather obvious remarks about reading which have relevance for the typographic setting of text. The aim of the chapter as a whole, however, is to suggest how the typographic design of text can support the component processes that readers must perform.

At the molecular level, reading involves discriminating between meaningful marks on paper, marks that come in all shapes and sizes. In addition, reading at the molecular level involves discriminating between the ordering of the marks and their grouping to form meaningful wholes or words. Clearly, the order of letters can have a profound effect on their meaning (compare god with dog), and so too can their spacing (compare therapist with the rapist). Punctuation also plays a part (compare Give experience with dates and Give experience, with dates), and so too does prior knowledge (consider the young man the jumps where the verb is to man the jumps . . .).

Normally, of course, we carry out these molecular processes unconsciously in pursuing the more global objectives of skilled reading (the search for the important ideas and meaning). We are not often aware of the fixations, the saccades, and the regressions of our eyes when we are reading. We are not concerned with the laborious blending of letters and

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Executive Control Processes in Reading
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Contributors ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Acknowledgements xviii
  • Reference xviii
  • 1 - Executive Control in Reading Comprehension 1
  • Acknowledgments 19
  • References 21
  • 2 - Reading and Writing for Electronic Journals 23
  • Acknowledgments 51
  • References 53
  • 3 - Typography and Executive Control Processes in Reading 57
  • Acknowledgments 76
  • References 77
  • 4 - Typography and Reading Strategy 81
  • References 105
  • 5 - Executive Control in Studying 107
  • References 142
  • 6 - The Activation and Use of Scripted Knowledge in Reading About Routine Activities 145
  • Appendix 172
  • References 175
  • 7 - Knowledge Acquisition for Application: Cognitive Flexibility and Transfer in Complex Content Domains 177
  • Acknowledgments 197
  • References 198
  • 8 - Instructional Variables That Influence Cognitive Processes During Reading 201
  • References 215
  • 9 - How Is Reading Time Influenced by Knowledge-Based Inferences and World Knowledge? 217
  • Acknowledgments 249
  • References 250
  • 10 - Remembering Reading Operations with and Without Awareness 253
  • Acknowledgments 274
  • References 275
  • 11 - Characterizing the Processing Units of Reading Effects of Intra- and Interword Spaces in A Letter Detection Task 279
  • Acknowledgments 294
  • References 295
  • Author Index 297
  • Subject Index 305
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