Executive Control Processes in Reading

By Bruce K. Britton; Shawn M. Glynn | Go to book overview

CONCLUSION

Typography is a ubiquitous but poorly understood aspect of language. Its interpretation is not well understood but seems to combine the same kind of logical and pragmatic reasoning that we use for prose with an extra perceptual dimension. The spatial metaphors that are so common in ordinary language can thus be realized in its written shape.

Paralanguage in speech is relatively natural, acquired through social interaction with others. It is also informal and its conventions can change even during a single conversation interaction. Typography, however -- paralanguage in text -- has to be more formal, deliberate, and consistent. Furthermore, typographic skills are extremely specialized and quite rare. They are normally acquired from long apprenticeship and the exercise of a sensitive and critical judgment. However, recent advances in personal computing are now replacing typewriters with laser systems capable of sophisticated typography -- complex typography is now directly accessible to large numbers of writers.

Typographic teachers and researchers are currently much concerned by this new accessibility of typography, combined with the challenge of adapting typographic conventions developed for printing to the electronic media. But before new "grammars" can be established, and before empirical research can be useful -- before our concept of literacy can be thus extended -- we need a deeper understanding of typography as an integral part of written language.


REFERENCES

Baldwin R. S., & Coady J. M. ( 1978). "Psycholinguistic approaches to a theory of punctuation". Journal Reading, Behaviour, 10, 363-376.

Beaugrande R. de ( 1984). Text production: Towards a science of composition. Norwood, NJ: Ablex,

Beaugrande R. de, & Dressler W. ( 1981). Introduction to text linguistics. London: Longman.

Bernhardt S. A. ( 1985). Text structure and graphic design: The visible design. In J. D. Benson & W. S. Greaves (Eds.), Systemic perspectives on discourse (Vol. 2). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Bolinger D. ( 1975). Aspects of language (2nd ed.), New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Bonsiepe G. ( 1968). "A method of quantifying order in typographic design". Journal of Typographic Research, 2, 203-220.

Booth-Clibborn E., & Baroni D. ( 1980). The language graphics. London: Thames & Hudson.

Brown A. ( 1980). Metacognitive development and reading. In R. J. Spiro, B. C. Bruce, & W. F. Brewer (Eds.), Theoretical issues in reading comprehension. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

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Executive Control Processes in Reading
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Contributors ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Acknowledgements xviii
  • Reference xviii
  • 1 - Executive Control in Reading Comprehension 1
  • Acknowledgments 19
  • References 21
  • 2 - Reading and Writing for Electronic Journals 23
  • Acknowledgments 51
  • References 53
  • 3 - Typography and Executive Control Processes in Reading 57
  • Acknowledgments 76
  • References 77
  • 4 - Typography and Reading Strategy 81
  • References 105
  • 5 - Executive Control in Studying 107
  • References 142
  • 6 - The Activation and Use of Scripted Knowledge in Reading About Routine Activities 145
  • Appendix 172
  • References 175
  • 7 - Knowledge Acquisition for Application: Cognitive Flexibility and Transfer in Complex Content Domains 177
  • Acknowledgments 197
  • References 198
  • 8 - Instructional Variables That Influence Cognitive Processes During Reading 201
  • References 215
  • 9 - How Is Reading Time Influenced by Knowledge-Based Inferences and World Knowledge? 217
  • Acknowledgments 249
  • References 250
  • 10 - Remembering Reading Operations with and Without Awareness 253
  • Acknowledgments 274
  • References 275
  • 11 - Characterizing the Processing Units of Reading Effects of Intra- and Interword Spaces in A Letter Detection Task 279
  • Acknowledgments 294
  • References 295
  • Author Index 297
  • Subject Index 305
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