models emphasizes different aspects of how the studier interacts with the studying task. Further research is necessary to determine if one or the other of these models is the most fruitful one to develop.
Finally, one last observation seems appropriate. Understanding how executive control in studying is obtained will be a very difficult task. It will involve a significant shift in focus in terms of both research and theorizing. The consequences of significant progress in achieving this end, however, may be a far more coherent understanding of studying. Such an understanding could provide the basis for more effective ways of improving how students carry out. and control the act of studying.
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