Executive Control Processes in Reading

By Bruce K. Britton; Shawn M. Glynn | Go to book overview

10
REMEMBERING READING OPERATIONS WITH AND WITHOUT AWARENESS

Michael E. J. Masson University of Victoria


OVERVIEW

The perceptual and cognitive operations performed during fluent reading cannot conceivably be under direct executive control throughout the entire course of their functioning. A much more reasonable assumption is that a number of' these operations carry on outside the bounds of awareness and produce results or outputs that eventually are used by centrally controlled processes. In this article I consider the implications of this assumption for (a) the memory representation of specific reading episodes, and (h) the role played by such memory representations when material is read on multiple occasions, Special consideration will he given to a form of memory for reading episodes that appears to operate outside the domain of executive control processes.

In the first part of the article, some empirical demonstrations of automatic visual processing and associated consequences for memory representations are reviewed. I argue that although memory for automatically processed visual events appears to be poor, methods of testing memory that do not require introspection concerning specific prior episodes may produce a very different set of conclusions. Examples of such demonstrations are considered, including compelling neuropsychological evidence. Next I develop a characterization of automated and attentiondemanding aspects of reading that is based on the concept of interacting memory systems. In support of this framework, recent experiments involving memory for reading operations are reviewed and their implications for the possible role of executive control processes in reading are discussed.

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Executive Control Processes in Reading
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Contributors ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Acknowledgements xviii
  • Reference xviii
  • 1 - Executive Control in Reading Comprehension 1
  • Acknowledgments 19
  • References 21
  • 2 - Reading and Writing for Electronic Journals 23
  • Acknowledgments 51
  • References 53
  • 3 - Typography and Executive Control Processes in Reading 57
  • Acknowledgments 76
  • References 77
  • 4 - Typography and Reading Strategy 81
  • References 105
  • 5 - Executive Control in Studying 107
  • References 142
  • 6 - The Activation and Use of Scripted Knowledge in Reading About Routine Activities 145
  • Appendix 172
  • References 175
  • 7 - Knowledge Acquisition for Application: Cognitive Flexibility and Transfer in Complex Content Domains 177
  • Acknowledgments 197
  • References 198
  • 8 - Instructional Variables That Influence Cognitive Processes During Reading 201
  • References 215
  • 9 - How Is Reading Time Influenced by Knowledge-Based Inferences and World Knowledge? 217
  • Acknowledgments 249
  • References 250
  • 10 - Remembering Reading Operations with and Without Awareness 253
  • Acknowledgments 274
  • References 275
  • 11 - Characterizing the Processing Units of Reading Effects of Intra- and Interword Spaces in A Letter Detection Task 279
  • Acknowledgments 294
  • References 295
  • Author Index 297
  • Subject Index 305
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