By PAUL LESTER WIENER
The New York World's Fair, 1939-40 and the Paris Exposition des Arts et des Techniques 1937, were the last Roman holidays, aiming to overcome our fears of war, relieve unemployment, and divert the public's mind from chaotic economic disturbances from which most nations were suffering.
From the modest beginnings of the London Exhibition of World Industry 1851 to these last gigantic efforts, we traversed an era of ever-increasing mechanization.
It is in this light that the World's Fairs served their respective aims and contributed much to the writing of the history of the past century. In terms of realistic exhibits, they covered all of life's activities and exerted great cultural and educational influence.
The statistics on the next page reveal the rapid increase in attendance, acreage, and costs.
The tremendous public participation, which is in part due to the new means of propaganda, leaves no doubt of the attraction which World's Fairs continue to hold in all countries. Foreign governments have always lavishly attended, often despite internal worries and difficulties. This testifies that they believe World's Fairs assist in the exchange of commodities and that they desire to reveal to each other their cultural contributions.
Reports by the Commissioner-Generals of all countries, cata-