By LESTER B. GRANGER
The perennial pitfall of planning in America--city planning or any social planning--is the abiding inclination of planners either to make no plans for Negroes and other racial minority groups, or to provide a special set of plans for this segment of the nation. This oversight too often means that the planners are quite ready to forget the minority groups, to allow them to remain in status quo during a period of social change. The simplest and most economical, and yet least frequently considered procedure would provide for the minority groups, not as separate entities, but as integral parts of the body politic participating on an equal basis in all phases of the program.
Planning implies social change--change from haphazard to orderly development. Sound planning requires study and re-evaluation of the whole scope of the economic and social factors involved. Particularly is this true in the field of race relations which are today dynamic, not only in the United States, but also throughout the world. "The fact that we are in the midst of fast-moving political, economic, and social changes indicates that it is a particularly opportune time to reconsider the position of the Negro in the American social order," a recent government publication asserts, and continues: "If we attempt to fix the race relations pattern on any sort of static basis and artificially limit the opportunity of any portion