By STANLEY P. STEWART
To make certain that the reader and the writer are on common ground, this discussion of planning of rural housing shall be concerned with the so-called family farm.
Prior to the beginning of the war, some acknowledgment had been made of the low standard of a major portion of rural housing. During the war, shortage of manpower and building materials in addition to longer hours of work have caused the neglect of even normal maintenance and repair. When the war terminates, not only will these restricting conditions be removed but it is hoped that improved economic conditions will permit an appreciable farm building program and a raising of living standards.
The farmer's house is his place of business as well as his domicile and the farmer's wife is his partner in business, often managing the kitchen garden, the poultry business, the butter making and preserving the food for winter consumption. These items should be considered a part of the family income in contrast to the income of urban dwellers, who devote their working hours to obtain wages or salaries and purchase all their foodstuffs. Therefore, we must consider rural housing in this light, wherein the farmer's house is not just a dwelling place; it functions in a dual capacity as an abode and a workshop.
Up to the present time, the farmer's house has, in most instances, been of an urban type, merely transplanted to the farm with pos-