By LOUIS I. KAHN
Gold is a beautiful material. It belongs to the sculptor.
Monumentality in architecture may be defined as a quality, a spiritual quality inherent in a structure which conveys the feeling of its eternity, that it cannot be added to or changed. We feel that quality in the Parthenon, the recognized architectural symbol of Greek civilization.
Some argue that we are living in an unbalanced state of relativity which cannot be expressed with a single intensity of purpose. It is for that reason, I feel, that many of our confrères do not believe, we are psychologically constituted to convey a quality of monumentality to our buildings.
But have we yet given full architectural expression to such social monuments as the school, the community or culture center? What stimulus, what movement, what social or political phenomenon shall we yet experience? 'What event or philosophy shall give rise to a will to commemorate its imprint on our civilization? What effect would such forces have on our architecture?
Science has given to the architect its explorations into new combinations of materials capable of great resistance to the forces of gravity and wind. Recent experimenters and philosophers of painting, sculpture