During the time that has elapsed between the writing of this book and its final typesetting for publication, there have been a number of significant developments relevant to its subject matter. Some relate to world events, others to legal and policy initiatives.1 This Afterword will refer briefly to the most pertinent of these, paying particular attention, in its initial section, to the contents of the UN study on children in armed conflict (Section 188.8.131.52 above),2 presented to the UN General Assembly on 11 November 1996.
Notwithstanding these developments in the political, legal, and social landscape, the body of international human rights and humanitarian law described and analysed in this book remains unchanged, and may well undergo little substantive change for many years to come.
The UN study on the impact of armed conflict on children is both substantial and wide-ranging. After its introduction (Part I), the bulk of the report (in Part II) considers ways of mitigating the effects of armed conflict on children. This issue is examined in relation to child soldiers; refugees and internally displaced children; sexual exploitation and gender-based violence; landmines and unexploded ordnance; sanctions; health and nutrition; promoting psychological recovery and social reintegration, and education.3 The study then looks (in Part III) at the relevance and adequacy of existing standards, including human rights and humanitarian law, for the____________________