Venetian window of the Tuscan Order. From
B. Langley, Treasury of Designs, 1750
, plate LI.
tecture during the period considered here was certainly continuous and conspicuous. But for Jefferson and for Neoclassical architects Palladio was
no more than a reliable source to reach ancient
architecture. They were not deeply interested in Palladio's own buildings, and when more detailed
sources became available -- such as S. D. Le Roy Les Ruines des plus beaux monuments de la Grèce
( 1758), N. Revett and
J. Stuart The Antiquities
of Athens Measured and Delineated ( 1761- 1814),
and R. Wood's books on Palmyra and Baalbec
-- Neoclassical architects shifted to them. For
these reasons I think that it is not correct to call
the architecture of Thomas Jefferson "Palladian."
But even for the only movement that can, in my
opinion, be labeled "Palladianism," the architectural style of early Georgian England, which was
founded on what was considered a true, deep understanding of the ideas of the famous Venetian sixteenth-century architect, Palladio's architecture
was reinterpreted, transformed, and adapted to the
different geographical and historical context. As Rudolf Wittkower has pointed out, Burlington and
his companions applied "pseudo-Palladian elements" to British Neoclassical architecture.
J. Ackerman, Palladio, Harmondsworth, 1966
( 1st ed. 1956), Palladio's Villas, New York, 1967; L. Puppi
, Andrea Palladio, Milan, 1973. For the complete
bibliography on Palladio before 1980, see D. Howard, "Four Centuries of Literature on Palladio," Journal of
the Society of Architectural Historians, XXXIX, 13, October 1980, 224-41.
On Palladio's treatise, see R. Pane, "I Quattro
Libri," Bollettino del Centro Internazionale di Studi di
Architettura A. Palladio, IX, 1967, 121-38; L. Magagnato "Introduzione," to A. Palladio, I
Quatro Libri dell'architettura, edd.
P. Marini, Milan, 1980, xi-lxvi.
J. Lee-Milne, The Age of Inigo Jones, London, 1953; J. Summerson, Inigo Jones, Harmondsworth, 1966, and Architecture in Britain, Harmondsworth, 1970 ( 1st ed. 1953), 111-45; M. Tafuri, "Alle origini
del palladianesimo: Alessandro Farnese, Jacques
Androuet Du Cerceau, Inigo Jones," Storia dell'arte, XI, 1971, 149-61; The King's Arcadia: Inigo Jones and the
Stuart Court, Exhibition Catalogue, London, 1973; A. Cerutti Fusco
, Inigo Jones, Vitruvius Britannicus: Jones
e Palladio nella cultura architettonica inglese, 1600-
1740, Rimini, 1985.
Summerson, 1970 (as in n. 3), 317-93; P. Murray
, "Il Palladianesimo," Palladio, Exhibition Catalogue, Milan, 1973, 157-69; R. Wittkower, Palladioand English Palladianism