The Italian Presence in American Art, 1760-1860

By Irma B. Jaffe | Go to book overview
151. Venetian window of the Tuscan Order. From B. Langley, Treasury of Designs, 1750, plate LI.

tecture during the period considered here was certainly continuous and conspicuous. But for Jefferson and for Neoclassical architects Palladio was no more than a reliable source to reach ancient architecture. They were not deeply interested in Palladio's own buildings, and when more detailed sources became available -- such as S. D. Le Roy Les Ruines des plus beaux monuments de la Grèce ( 1758), N. Revett and J. Stuart The Antiquities of Athens Measured and Delineated ( 1761- 1814), and R. Wood's books on Palmyra and Baalbec -- Neoclassical architects shifted to them. For these reasons I think that it is not correct to call the architecture of Thomas Jefferson "Palladian." But even for the only movement that can, in my opinion, be labeled "Palladianism," the architectural style of early Georgian England, which was founded on what was considered a true, deep understanding of the ideas of the famous Venetian sixteenth-century architect, Palladio's architecture was reinterpreted, transformed, and adapted to the different geographical and historical context. As Rudolf Wittkower has pointed out, Burlington and his companions applied "pseudo-Palladian elements" to British Neoclassical architecture. 28


NOTES
1.
J. Ackerman, Palladio, Harmondsworth, 1966 ( 1st ed. 1956), Palladio's Villas, New York, 1967; L. Puppi , Andrea Palladio, Milan, 1973. For the complete bibliography on Palladio before 1980, see D. Howard, "Four Centuries of Literature on Palladio," Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, XXXIX, 13, October 1980, 224-41.
2.
On Palladio's treatise, see R. Pane, "I Quattro Libri," Bollettino del Centro Internazionale di Studi di Architettura A. Palladio, IX, 1967, 121-38; L. Magagnato "Introduzione," to A. Palladio, I Quatro Libri dell'architettura, edd. L. Magagnato and P. Marini, Milan, 1980, xi-lxvi.
3.
J. Lee-Milne, The Age of Inigo Jones, London, 1953; J. Summerson, Inigo Jones, Harmondsworth, 1966, and Architecture in Britain, Harmondsworth, 1970 ( 1st ed. 1953), 111-45; M. Tafuri, "Alle origini del palladianesimo: Alessandro Farnese, Jacques Androuet Du Cerceau, Inigo Jones," Storia dell'arte, XI, 1971, 149-61; The King's Arcadia: Inigo Jones and the Stuart Court, Exhibition Catalogue, London, 1973; A. Cerutti Fusco , Inigo Jones, Vitruvius Britannicus: Jones e Palladio nella cultura architettonica inglese, 1600- 1740, Rimini, 1985.
4.
Summerson, 1970 (as in n. 3), 317-93; P. Murray , "Il Palladianesimo," Palladio, Exhibition Catalogue, Milan, 1973, 157-69; R. Wittkower, Palladioand English Palladianism

-243-

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