Argumentation Schemes for Presumptive Reasoning

By Douglas N. Walton | Go to book overview

SUBJECT INDEX

A
Abortion cases, 33, 60, 66, 102, 104-106, 168, 176, 197
Ad hominem attacks, 87-88
Airline schedule database, 22
Alarm, 204
Amsterdam School, 183
Appeal
to authority, 33-34
to expert opinion, vii, 65-66, 88, 129
personal, 178-179, 180
to universality, 91
Arbitrariness, 104
Argument
circular, 27, 54
defeasible, 35, 53, 58,70-71, 80, 109
dialectical level of analysis, 15
evaluated, 1, 14
evidence accumulating, 48
local level of analysis, 14
pragmatic, 181
presumptive, 86
relevance of, 14
weak, 92
deductive, 134
inductive, 134
Argument, types of
from arbitrariness of a verbal classification
critical questions, 104-105
from analogy, 52, 72, 93
critical questions,
from bias,
critical questions, 88
causal slippery slope, 97, 109, 203
critical questions, 98
from cause to effect
critical questions, 74
circumstantial ... against the person, 55- 56
critical questions, 59
fallacious, 58
from commitment
critical questions, 56
from comparison, 79
from consequences, ix, 69, 71, 150, 157
critical questions, 76-77
from correlation to cause
critical questions, 72
from an established rule, 94
critical questions, 92
from ethos
critical questions, 86
from example, 164
critical questions, 50
generalizations, 50
from an exceptional case, 92
critical questions, 93
from expert opinion
critical questions, 65-66
from evidence to a hypothesis, 46
critical questions, 70
from falsification of a hypothesis, 69
full slippery slope
critical questions, 110
from gradualism, 99, 105, 109
from ignorance (see also argumentum ad ignorantiam), 13, 23
inductive, 71
from motive, opportunity and means to action, 75
from popular practice, 84, 91
from popularity, 109
critical questions,
from position to know, 63, 83
critical questions, 62
from precedent, 51, 99
critical questions, 94-95
precedent slippery slope, 94, 109, 203
critical questions, 101
reductio ad absurdum, 105
from sign, 17, 69-70
critical questions, 48
slippery slope, 96, 98, 157, 203-204
from testimony, 61
from vagueness of a verbal classification, 104-105
critical questions, 102-103
from verbal classification, 100
critical questions, 54
verbal slippery slope, 109
critical questions, 107
from verification of a hypothesis, 67
from waste
critical questions, 82
Argumentation, 75
converse causal, 47
sequence, 192
tactical failure in, 28
Argumentation schemes, 14, 95, 108-109
categories of, 3
presumptive, 3
problem of, 6
validity, 10
Argumentation theme, 15
Argumentum ad baculum, 168, 200-204

-214-

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Argumentation Schemes for Presumptive Reasoning
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Lea Titles in Argumentation ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Table of Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Chapter One - Introduction 1
  • Chapter Two - Presumptive Reasoning 17
  • Chapter Three - the Argumentation Schemes 46
  • Chapter Four - Argument from Ignorance 111
  • Concluding Remarks 131
  • Chapter Five - Ignoring Qualifications 133
  • Chapter Six - Argument from Consequences 168
  • Author Index 212
  • Subject Index 214
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