Signal Detection: Mechanisms, Models, and Applications

By Michael L. Commons; John A. Nevin et al. | Go to book overview

of the type of transmission system we have been studying. It does seem, nevertheless, that our new estimates of critical bandwidth are perhaps a bit too narrow, just as our estimates of noise bandwidth from intensity discrimination are not quite wide enough.

All things considered, the indications of progress are obvious. We have been able to characterize an active detection network based upon the principle of stochastic multiplication. We have managed to do so without getting hopelessly lost in the myriad complexities of the auditory pathways. Abandoning total dependence on the stimulus, and constructing the functional outline of an amplifier network (a hybrid of stimulus, receptor, and transmission mechanisms) generates solutions for a variety of problems deemed either intractable or overwhelmingly complex when approached in the conventional stimulus-oriented way. Time will tell whether this system is the one we have been seeking.


REFERENCES

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Barlow H. ( 1956). "Retinal noise and absolute threshold". Journal of the Optical Society of America, 46, 634-639.

Barlow H. ( 1957). "Increment thresholds at low intensities considered as signal/noise discriminations". Journal of Physiology, 136, 469-488.

Barlow H. B., Levick W. R., & Yoon M. ( 1971). "Responses to single quanta of light in retinal ganglion cells of the cat". Vision Research, 11, Suppl. 3, 87-101.

Bharucha-Reid A. ( 1960). Elements of the theory of Markov Processes and their applications. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Bouman M. ( 1961). "History and present status of quantum theory in vision". In W. Rosenblith (Ed.), Sensory communication, 21, pp. 377-401. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press and Wiley.

ϧinlar E. ( 1972). "Superposition of point processes". In P. Lewis (Ed.), Stochastic point processes: Statistical analysis, theory, and applications (pp. 549-606). New York: Wiley.

Cox D., & Smith W. ( 1954). "On the superposition of renewal processes". Biometrika, 41, 91-99.

Drenick R. ( 1960). "The failure law of complex equipment". Journal of the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 8, 680-690.

Feller W. ( 1957). An introduction to probability theory and its applications (Vol. 7, 2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.

Green D. ( 1960). "Auditory detection of a noise signal". Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 32, 121-131.

Green D. ( 1967). "Additivity of masking". Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 41, 1517-1525.

Green D., & McGill W. ( 1970). "On the equivalence of detection probabilities and well-known statistical quantities". Psychological Review, 77, 294-301.

Hecht S., Shlaer S., & Pirenne M. H. ( 1942). "Energy, quanta and vision". Journal of General Physiology, 25, 819-840.

Hopfield J. ( 1982). "Neural networks and physical systems with emergent collective computational abilities". Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 79, 2254-2558.

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