Franco-Spanish Rivalry in North America, 1524-1763

By Henry D. Folmer | Go to book overview

The French Expand into Texas
1717-1719

The province of Texas, of which you have been nominated governor, is part of Louisiana.1

Saint Denis left the Ramón expedition in Texas probably shortly after July 10, 1716, and returned to Mobile early in September, where he reported his adventures to Cadillac.

Saint Denis' successful voyage aroused great ambitions among the French in Louisiana. Although his mission had been primarily a commercial one, visions of conquest arose in the minds of some of the colonists as a result of these discoveries. The old stories of Peñalosa and La Salle came to life again. It was suggested, now that the overland route from Mobile to Mexico was discovered, that New Spain could easily be conquered.2 It was believed that three thousand soldiers could cover the two hundred and eight leagues separating Mobile from León in Mexico without difficulties. Once the "mines of Sacatecas" were occupied by the French, Spain would be ruined. The natives of Mexico, freed from the exorbitant taxes levied by the "Castilians," would welcome the French as their liberators. Opposition by the Spaniards would be light, because the Spanish army in Mexico existed only on paper. For

____________________
1
La Harpe to Alarcon, June [8] 1719, La Harpe, "Journal du voyage," fol. 16, L.C. (Also in Margry, VI, 275.)
2
Memoir on Louisiana [ 1716] Paris, A.N., Col. C 13, 4, fol. 1002, L.C. transcript.

-241-

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Franco-Spanish Rivalry in North America, 1524-1763
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 5
  • Contents 9
  • Illustrations 11
  • Preface 13
  • Abbreviations Used in the Footnotes 17
  • Spain's Claim to the New World 19
  • France Sails the Ocean 31
  • France Challenges Spanish Claims 43
  • Peace in Europe but War in America 63
  • Pedro Menendez D'Aviles and the End of the Huguenot Colony 91
  • Sixteenth Century Justice 117
  • The Gulf of Mexico 125
  • Penalosa and La Salle 137
  • The Mississippi and the Rio Grande 145
  • La Salle's Expedition of 1684 155
  • The Spaniards and La Salle 167
  • Ruins and Survivors of Fort St. Louis 177
  • Iberville Rediscovers the Mississippi 197
  • The Beginnings of Louisiana 209
  • Mobile and Pensacola 219
  • The French Expand into Texas 1717-1719 241
  • Pensacola and the War of the Quadruple Alliance 253
  • Texas During and After the War of the Quadruple Alliance 265
  • French Efforts to Penetrate New Mexico 277
  • The Last Years of Rivalry, 1727-1763 291
  • Bibliography 311
  • Index 335
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