Franco-Spanish Rivalry in North America, 1524-1763

By Henry D. Folmer | Go to book overview

Pensacola and the War of the
Quadruple Alliance

The conquest of Pensacola cost the colony
more than it benefited from it.1

Although the French had never attacked Pensacola, their presence in Louisiana presented a constant menace to the harbor. This danger was increased in 1718 when the French occupied St. Joseph bay, east of Pensacola. The bay had previously been abandoned by Spain,2 but the French occupation raised the fear of encirclement of Pensacola. The occupation, however, proved to be of short duration, and before the end of May, 1718, the French withdrew their garrison.3 Greatly relieved, the Spaniards reoccupied the bay to prevent the French from returning.

Meanwhile the European war of the Quadruple Alliance of 1719 spread to North America. Attempts were made by the Spanish governor of Santo Domingo to keep the peace in America between Spain and France in spite of the war,4 but these efforts did not succeed.

____________________
1
Memoir on Louisiana, 1726, Paris, A.N., Col. C 13, A, 10, fol. 155, L.C. transcript.
2
Bienville to Council of the Navy, June 12, 1718, D. Rowland and A. G. Sanders (trans. and eds.) Mississippi Provincial Archives: French Dominion (Jackson, Miss., 1927-32) (hereafter cited as Mississippi Archives) III, 228; Chateaugué to unknown, June 25, 1718, cited in a resumé of letters from Louisiana, 1717-1731, Paris, A.N., Col C 13, A, 5, fol. 208, L.C. transcript; Ford, pp. 104-7.
3
Bienville to Council of the Navy, September 25, 1718, Mississippi Archives III, 232-34; La Harpe, Journal historique, pp. 142-43.
4
P. Heinrich, La Louisiane sons la Compagnie des Indes, 1717-1731 ( Paris [ 1908?]) p. 54.

-253-

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Franco-Spanish Rivalry in North America, 1524-1763
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 5
  • Contents 9
  • Illustrations 11
  • Preface 13
  • Abbreviations Used in the Footnotes 17
  • Spain's Claim to the New World 19
  • France Sails the Ocean 31
  • France Challenges Spanish Claims 43
  • Peace in Europe but War in America 63
  • Pedro Menendez D'Aviles and the End of the Huguenot Colony 91
  • Sixteenth Century Justice 117
  • The Gulf of Mexico 125
  • Penalosa and La Salle 137
  • The Mississippi and the Rio Grande 145
  • La Salle's Expedition of 1684 155
  • The Spaniards and La Salle 167
  • Ruins and Survivors of Fort St. Louis 177
  • Iberville Rediscovers the Mississippi 197
  • The Beginnings of Louisiana 209
  • Mobile and Pensacola 219
  • The French Expand into Texas 1717-1719 241
  • Pensacola and the War of the Quadruple Alliance 253
  • Texas During and After the War of the Quadruple Alliance 265
  • French Efforts to Penetrate New Mexico 277
  • The Last Years of Rivalry, 1727-1763 291
  • Bibliography 311
  • Index 335
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