The Sources of His "Power"
The Secretary-General does not represent any center of power, said Hammarskjold. He represents an abstraction--the international community. And yet, at the beginning of 1960, the year of the Congo and Khrushchev, his office was vested with the weight of a major power in international affairs.
The sources of this influence were legal, political and, above all perhaps, personal.
Legally his powers rested on a few brief clauses in the Charter. Article VII describes the Secretariat as one of the "principal organs" of the UN on a par with the General Assembly and the three Councils--Security, Trusteeship and Economic and Social. The Secretary-General is represented in Article 97 as the "chief administrative officer of the Organization." Article 98 states that not only shall he "act in that capacity" at meetings of the Assembly and the three Councils, but that