But this influence is increasingly apparent in periodicals and books. Writers once bold and free subserviently take their cue as do Lothian and Lamont from 'The Foreign Office'. Only undergraduates and men who have neither salary nor hope of preferment or pension dare speak out.
Walter Millis, whose "Road to War" before publication was expunged of reference to the part Morgan played in bringing us in,--now avoids such censoring. In Life, Nov. 6, he writes the problem is "not how to 'keep the country out of war'" but what kind of a Peace the Americans want and "how much they are willing and able to do toward securing it".
This same attitude is now promoted by the presidents of our great universities. From above, it percolates down to the college professors and teachers at the bottom of this pyramid of power.(4)
Editors and publishers cannot ignore the influence of Kent and Beaverbrook. Nothing is printed, however factual or documentary, which would not be agreeable to the great men we here praise.
A tamed and subservient press and platform has been taught to proclaim the "striking proof that the nation has recovered from its keepout-of-war hysteria of two months ago".
The talk is of the Peace, assuming that the war is to go on and we are to go in,--a "second Thirty Years' War", Mr. Lamont announces, which began in 1914. If we keep our eye on the Peace in 1944, we will go forward more thoughtlessly to the four years of fighting and paying. December 1, 1939
Peace as a war aim is the subject of a careful, cautious study by a Swiss neutral at Harvard, William E. Rappard, "The Quest for Peace Since the World War" ( Harvard University Press, 1940). It is an example of liberal scholarship, which means that he is working with words from words, words of statesmen (front