ered that it is a "republic" and its playboy Carol a hardworking statesman.(9) Turkey has been neutralized with a loan of 60,000,000 pounds.
Finland's new People's Government is headed by the old revolutionary Kuusinen who "left Finland 20 years ago during the White Guard
Terror", Time, Dec. 11, tells us. It immediately issued a declaration to
"the entire Finnish people . . . for the overthrow of . . . the reactionary,
avid plutocracy which in 1918, aided by the troops of foreign imperialists, drowned democratic freedom of the Finnish toiling people in a sea
of blood, transformed our country into a White Guard hell for toilers."
The new Government's program calls for state control of banks, an
eight-hour working day, confiscation of large estates.
Evidently this Finnish situation is complicated and involved for
American comprehension. But what an opportunity for propagandists
to inflame idealistic emotion!(10) The last straw to bring us in?(11) December 8, 1939
The Round Table summarized, "while British and French propaganda has
bogged down, while Americans continued--more or less--to maintain their
desired aloofness toward the main war, they indulged in an emotional orgy over
the Baltic sideshow . . . the day of greater American participation--if and when
the need becomes acute--has become a great deal nearer. It is in this sense that
the Soviet attack on Finland may be called one of the great historical 'accidents'
of our time." ( Lavine, p 334)
There were violent polemics from all sides as Lavine and Wechsler point
out, which for the most part only contributed to obscuring issues. The purpose
of this Bulletin was not to act as apologist for Russia, but to attempt to quiet the
emotions that seemed to be tending to bring America into war, by putting before
the American people information to counter-balance the propagandized information most frequently and effectively presented to them, from Washington and
Whitehall, through the daily press and over the radio.
"Democracy is on the side of Finland, civilization is on the side of Finland,
and Finland is on the side of God," proclaimed La Guardia. "God is not necessarily on the side of the heaviest typewriter battalions," write Harold Lavine and James Wechsler in "War Propaganda and the United States" ( Yale U. Press, 1940), reviewing "Finland vs Russia". "When evenly matched armies clash,
the propaganda artillery may help to resolve a stalemate; it did in 1918, it may
do so again. But when 4,000,000 people combat 180,000,000, Baron Munchausen plus Baron Mannerheim are not enough. . . .
"History written after an event rarely discovers a case of unsullied good fighting unmitigated evil. But to contemporaries a war frequently assumes that