In football we have scouts. In the military we have Intelligence Officers who attempt to get something across to those in command. Mental tests eliminate the nitwits from the recruits.
"Brains for the Army" are cautiously advocated by Donald W. Mitchell in the Nation, January 25, 1941. We have 'em, he says, but they are mostly in the lower ranks. He asks, "Why . . . is our army now frantically aping the Germans?" and answers, "The men with the best brains do not hold the highest jobs". The Chief of Staff, General Marshall, has testified that "our army costs more than twenty times as much, in proportion to its size" as the German army. True, there is higher pay but much of this expense "is due to poor management and inefficiency".(4)
Intelligence, and particularly Military Intelligence, is needed for Defense. Any study that will throw light on the success thus far achieved by the Germans should be the meat and drink of patriotic Americans today.
"Why Hitler Wins: A Lesson in Technological Politics for Americans" presents some of these problems and considerations. Carl Dreher tells of this with frank understanding in last October's Harper's, and writes me that he is now expanding this into a book. A radio engineer for RCA, Hollywood sound director, four years ago he retired and in Harper's told of his disgust with American business methods.
"How Come France Collapsed" we entitled the last Bulletin, intending to imply that there was no design, no conspiracy, but that 'men of good will' through their lack of understanding brought about the events that preceded and made inevitable the fall. With Germany there seems to have been modern scientific planning, deliberate design.
'Why' implies planning,(5) design, a Great Artificer. A child asks mother or father 'why'. Those who like Buchman or Halifax are guided directly by a personal god may well ask 'why'. Those who believe that God helps him who helps himself don't whine 'why'.(6) They don't attribute design. They don't complain about Fate or Kismet. The German industrial and economic system is no creation of Hitler's.
It is an historical development. Walter Rathenau tried to put it into practice. Dreher quotes one of Dorothy Thompson's four "simple, realistic reasons why Hitler has so far won this war". She says, " Hitler is winning the war because he has been fighting it with an industrial