THE SO-CALLED TREATY OF HANAU, 1743.
Increased British energy in the war under Carteret --Treaty of Breslau--French and Bavarian disasters secure Maria Theresa's succession--Causes of continuance of war: (1) Maria Theresa wants an equivalent for Silesia; (2) she desires to humiliate Charles VII; (3) aims of Elizabeth Farnese in Italy--Anglo-Prussian attempt to mediate between Charles VII and Maria Theresa--After Dettingen Charles VII appeals to England alone--William of Hesse acts for him--Proffered Bavarian terms at Hanau --Carteret drafts a project of peace and a project of assurance--William of Hesse prepared to accept--Carteret sends both documents to England--Hostile criticism by English Ministers -- Carteret drops both projects --Chagrin of William of Hesse -- Anger of Frederick II both with proceedings at Hanau and with their failure--Hanau controversy in 1744 --Fall of Carteret.
THE war of the Austrian Succession is less familiar to all students of eighteenth-century history, and certainly to English readers, than either the Spanish Succession or the Seven Years' War. It has a considerable literature of its own, but it is for the most part in French or German. Since Carlyle no English writer has treated the land war on any considerable scale, and the inquiring student is forced to turn to Arneth or Droysen or the Duc de Broglie for a reasonably full account of a rather puzzling war. The dominating figure of Frederick the Great and the prominence of Prussia in the eyes of German historians have given special prominence to the two Silesian wars, but the period between them and that which followed the Treaty of Dresden have been comparatively neglected, even by Continental writers. It is not surprising that the war as a whole is still somewhat obscure. It lacks unity and cohesion; it produced few very obvious results; it has no heroic figures except Frederick and Maria Theresa; its generals, except Frederick and perhaps Traun and Marshal Saxe, were second rate; and the contemporary politicians were mostly as obscure as they were untrustworthy. Austria