Model Provisions on Protection against Unfair Competition
|1.||[General Provision] (a) In addition to the acts and practices referred to in
Articles 2 to 6, any act or practice, in the course of industrial or commercial activities, that is contrary to honest practices shall constitute an act of unfair competition.|
(b) Any natural person or legal entity damaged or likely to be damaged by an act of unfair competition shall be entitled to the remedies referred to in. . . .
|2.||[Relationship Between Articles 1 to 6 and Provisions Protecting Inventions, Industrial Designs, Trademarks, Literary and Artistic Works and Other Intellectual Property Subject Matter] Articles 1 to 6 shall apply independently of, and in addition to, any legislative provisions protecting inventions, industrial designs, trademarks,* literary and artistic works and other intellectual property subject matter.|
|1.||[General Principle] Any act or practice, in the course of industrial or commercial activities, that causes, or is likely to cause, confusion with respect to another's enterprise or its activities, in particular, the products or services offered by such enterprise, shall constitute an act of unfair competition.|
|2.||[Examples of Confusion] Confusion may, in particular, be caused with respect
|1.||[General Principle] Any act or practice, in the course of industrial or commercial activities, that damages, or is likely to damage, the goodwill or reputation of another's enterprise shall constitute an act of unfair competition, regardless of whether such act or practice causes confusion.|