Analog Devices for Teaching Decision Skills to Adolescents
Anne W. Martin Rex V. Brown Decision Science Consortium, Inc. Reston, VA
Personalized decision analysis (PDA)1 is a well-articulated quantitative logic for inferring the action and inference implications of an appropriately defined set of assessments and evaluations, typically expressed as numerical probabilities and utilities ( Raiffa, 1968; Watson & Buede, 1987). This type of analysis is increasingly used to help professional deciders, such as government officials and business men and women, to help make and defend their decisions ( Brown, 1987; Ulvila & Brown, 1982). Much less effort has been devoted to applying the mathematical formulation to help untrained individuals make personal decisions.
This is unfortunate, given that the decision-making performance of much of the US Citizenry exhibits serious deficiencies ( Baron & Brown, chap. 5 in this volume). A number of efforts are under way to improve personal decision-making abilities through a variety of qualitative and quantitative approaches ( Baron & Brown, chap. 5 in this volume), including PDA.____________________