Animal Cognition: Proceedings of the Harry Frank Guggenheim Conference, June 2-4, 1982

By H. S. Terrace; H. L. Roitblat et al. | Go to book overview
animals to contribute techniques that will be useful to the neuroscientists, as well. Developing good tasks that top into the stable side of information processing, such as categorization tasks, is certainly not impossible, and it will be increasingly useful to have animal analogs of tasks that demand the animal's ability to extract and form semantics.
V. CONCLUSION
In this paper, I have tried to emphasize how an analysis of memory deficits that emphasizes underlying processes, and in particular a dimension dealing with the stability with which information Is stored, can be a useful way to not only incorporate the current literature, but to also expand the analysis into a number of different areas, especially having to do with semantic kinds of information processing, and their links to amnestic disorders. Baddeley ( 1976) has characterized the 1960's view of memory as "a store that had the sole function of holding information. . . ." while the views of the 1970's saw memory as "an Integral part of other information-processing tasks, such as perception, pattern recognition, comprehension, and reasoning." I think the view for the 1980's will be to appreciate how factors such as the stability or variability of information influences a wide variety of tasks, some of which have traditionally been labeled memory and many of which have not.
REFERENCES
Baddeley A. D. The psychology of memory. New York: Basic Books, 1976.
Boyd M. G., & Thomas R. K "Posterior association cortex lesions in rats: Mazes, pattern discrimination, and reversal learning". Physiological Psychology, 1977, 5, 455-461.
Brooks N. D., & Baddeley A. D. "What can the amnesic patient learn?" Neuropsychologia, 1976, 14, 111-122.
Brozoski T. J., Brown R. M., Rosvold H. E., & Goldman P. S. "Cognitive deficit caused by regional depletion of dopamine in prefrontal cortex of rhesus monkey". Science, 1979, 205, 929-931.
Butters N., & Cermak L. S. Alcoholic Korsakoff's syndrome. New York: Academic Press, 1980.
Cohen N. J. & Squire L. R. Skill acquisition in the amnesic syndrome. Paper presented at a meeting of the International Neuropsychological Society Society. 1979.
Cohen N. J., & Squire L. R. "Preserved learning and retention of pattern- analyzing skill in amnesia: Dissociation of knowing how and knowing that." Science, 1980, 210, 207-210.
Cordeau J. P., & Mahut H. "Some long-term consequences of temporal resections on auditory and visual discrimination in monkeys". Brain, 1964, 87, 177-188.

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