TIIE CHURCH AND DISSENT
AFTER the Restoration the religious condition of the City was greatly modified.
First the Church of England was enormously stronger than it had been in any part
of Charles the First's reign. Then the persecution of Roman Catholics and Non-
conformists affected London more than the country, first because many of the former had taken refuge in London, and next because the City contained thousands of the latter, some of whom obstinately refused any show of conformity. In 1666 the King banished all Roman Catholic priests; in the following year he forbade his subjects to hear Mass at the Queen's or any Ambassador's chapel. At the same time he