The participants in the Tenth American Assembly at Arden House, Harriman, New York, November 15-18, on THE UNITED STATES AND THE FAR EAST, reviewed as a group the following statement at the close of their discussions. Although there was general agreement on the Final Report, it is not the practice of the American Assembly for participants to affix their signatures; and it should not be assumed that every participant necessarily subscribes to every recommendation included in the statement.
The United States is deeply involved in the Far East. Our political alliances are numerous, our military bases are extensive, our economic aid programs are of major volume, and our cultural relations are on an expanding basis. Since 1941 the major changes in this area have raised increasingly complex problems for American foreign policy. Political issues remain unsettled. Security and living needs are beyond the economic capacity of many of the countries involved. Vigorous programs are needed for security and economic development, and the threat of aggression must be reduced. The problems are difficult and require great flexibility in our foreign policy. Recent momentous events have complicated them still further.
The Far Eastern situation is influenced by the rising spirit of nationalism and by the emergence of the newly independent nations of Asia, by the recent events in the Communist world and by develop-