Chronology of main events leading to the independence of India and the partition of the subcontinent in August 1947.
|September:||Outbreak of war.|
|18 October:||Viceroy's Statement on War Aims and the War Effort: reiterates|
that goal of British Policy is Dominion Status for India, but that
1935 Act is open to modification at the end of the war, in the light
of Indian opinion. Offers association of Indian opinion in war
effort through consultative group representing major political
parties in British India and the princes.
|October:||Resignation of Congress Ministries.|
|22 December:||Muslim League observes 'Deliverance Day'.|
|10 January:||Viceroy restates British policy.|
Congress at Ramgarh demands independence and a constituent|
assembly to frame new constitution. Announces that it plans to
embark on civil disobedience.
|23 March:||Muslim League at Lahore demands ' Pakistan'.|
|April:||Blitzkrieg begins in western Europe.|
|May:||Churchill becomes Prime Minister in Britain.|
|7 August:|| Viceroy, Linlithgow, makes 'August Offer': offers places to repre-|
sentative Indians in an expanded Executive Council and on a new
War Advisory Council. Assures minorities that their views will be
given weight in any constitutional changes and that power will
not be transferred to any government whose authority is denied
by important elements in India; and gives tentative welcome to
idea of post-war constituent assembly to frame new constitution.
|September:||Congress and Muslim League both reject 'August Offer'.|
|17 October:||Congress launches individual civil disobedience.|
|7 December:||Pearl Harbor: America enters war.|