|3in medias res: the phrase is from Horace Art of Poetry ( l. 148), 'into
the middle of things'. It is definitive of GE narrative art in Daniel
our prologue . . . earth: Goethe Faust (finally published in 1806) has the first prologue in the theatre (on earth) and the second in heaven, this being largely a dialogue between Mephistopheles and God. Barbara Hardy has pointed out the relevance of this reference to the various moral concerns in Daniel Deronda.
|5 Rousseau: see particularly Emile ou de l'education ( 1762) for the corrupting influences of civilization and also Discours Sur les sciences et les arts ( 1750).|
|6cortège: retinue, procession.|
|7 Nereid: in Greek mythology, one of the nymphs, daughters of the
sea-god Nereus. The first of the pagan references to Gwendolen
with an implicit moral commentary.|
Lamia beauty: i.e. cold, serpent-like, from Burton Anatomy of Melancholy (' Philostratus in his fourth book de vita Apolionii . . .') on which Keats based his poem 'Lamia' in 1820.
|8comme il faut: socially impeccable.|
Adonis: in Greek mythology the handsome youth beloved by Aphrodite, here used ironically.
|9the Matterhorn: climbed by Edward Whymper and his companions on 14 July 18651 a topical reference which reflects how carefully GE planned the chronology of her novel.|
|10Grapnell and Co.: elsewhere (ch. xlviii) GE mentions 'the last commercial panic'. In 1865-6 there were a number of financial collapses, the most notorious being that of Overend and Gurney in May 1866.|
|11pawn: part with 3.|
|14pawnbrokers: dealers 3.|
redeemed: repurchased 3.