Labour Governments and Private Industry: The Experience of 1945-1951

By H. Mercer; N. Rollings et al. | Go to book overview
5.
Cmd. 6527 Employment Policy (Parliamentary Papers -- hereafter PP) 1943-4 Vol. viii para. 54.
6.
"'Mr. Churchill's declaration of policy to the Electors'" Craig op. cit. pp. 113- 23; Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick, CBI Predecessor Archives (hereafter CBI) MSS200/F/1/1/189, Minutes of the Grand Council, 16/3/ 1948.
7.
Public Record Office, Kew (hereafter PRO) CAB132/4 LP(46)202 memo. by President of the Board of Trade 'Restrictive Practices' 26/7/ 1946; CAB124/497 comments by P. Chantler 16/9/1946 and by James Meade 17/9/1946.
8.
Cmd. 7696 Report of the Committee on Resale Price Maintenance (PP 1948-9, Vol. xx) p. 33.
9.
Cmd. 8274 A Statement on Resale Price Maintenance (PP 1950-1, Vol. xxvii).
10.
H. Mercer "'The Monopolies and Restrictive Practices Commission 1949- 1956: a study in regulatory failure'" in G. Jones and M. Kirby eds. Competitiveness and the State: Government and Business in Twentieth Century Britain ( Manchester, 1991) p. 92.
11.
L. Hannah The Rise of the Corporate Economy ( 2nd edn, 1983) pp. 180-1; J. S. Prais The Evolution of Giant Firms in Britain ( Cambridge, 1980) p. 4; L. Hannah "'Visible and Invisible Hands in Great Britain'" in A. Chandler and H. Daems eds. Managerial Hierarchies ( Cambridge, Mass., 1980) p. 42.
12.
J. D. Gribbin and D. C. Elliott "'The Abolition of Cartels and Structural Change in the United Kingdom'" in A. P. Jacquemin and H. W. de Jong eds. Welfare Aspects of Industrial Markets ( Leiden, 1977) p. 354.
13.
B. S. Yamey "'Resale Price Maintenance in the United Kingdom'" in B. S. Yamey ed. Resale Price Maintenance ( 1966) p. 275; J. F. Pickering Resale Price Maintenance in Practice ( 1966) p. 44.
14.
For example, in A. Booth "'Britain in the 1930's: a managed economy?'" Economic History Review Vol. xl No. 4 Nov. 1987499-522.
15.
Office of Fair Trading Board of Trade Survey of International Cartels and Internal Cartels 1944 and 1946 ( HMSO, 1977) p. 31; S. Tolliday "'Tariffs and Steel, 1916-1934: The Politics of Industrial Decline'" in J. Turner ed. Businessmen and Politics ( 1984) pp. 50-75.
16.
H. Mercer 'The Evolution of British government policy towards competition in private industry, 1940-1956' (unpublished PhD University of London, 1989) pp. 51-63.
17.
T. Praeger "'Trade Associations in Great Britain'" Agenda Vol. 3 Nov. 1944 p. 137; N. H. Leyland "'Trade Associations'" in Worswick and Ady op. cit. p. 87.
18.
Mercer Thesis pp. 75-9; Praeger op. cit. p. 139; H. Levy Retail Trade Associations ( 1942).
19.
A. A. Rogow and P. Shore The Labour Government and British Industry, 1945-51 ( 1955) pp. 61-8; Praeger op. cit. p. 128.
20.
Harold Wilson, President of the Board of Trade, 1947-51, cited in Rogow op. cit. p. 67.
21.
Rogow op. cit. p. 50.
22.
For an expression of this view in wartime see PRO BT64/3076 Note, unsigned, in response to the proposals of the Central Committee of Export Groups, c. Sept. 1942.
23.
Mercer Thesis p. 69.
24.
W. Reader. I.C.L. a History. Volume 2: 1926-52 ( New York, 1975) p. 194.
25.
Office of Fair Trading op. cit. p. xxiii.
26.
C. A. MacDonald "'The United States, Appeasement and the Open Door'" in W. J. Mommsen and L. Kettenacker eds. The Fascist Challenge and the Policy of Appeasement ( 1983) p. 407.
27.
B. Wendt "'Economic Appeasement -- A Crisis Strategy'" in Mommsen and Kettenacker op. cit. p. 169.

-70-

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Labour Governments and Private Industry: The Experience of 1945-1951
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Notes on the Contributors vi
  • Preface vii
  • One: Introduction 1
  • Part One the Policies 13
  • Appendix 2.2 Edited Version of Gen343/4 'Revised Draft of the Bill', 6 February 1951 32
  • Notes 33
  • Three: Productivity Policy 37
  • Four Anti-Monopoly Policy 55
  • Conclusions 69
  • Notes 70
  • Five: Private Industrial Investment 74
  • Six Whatever Happened to the British Warfare State? the Ministry of Supply, 1945-1951 91
  • Notes 113
  • Seven: Taxation Policy 117
  • Part Two the Sectors 135
  • Eight the Cotton Industry: A Middle Way Between Nationalisation and Self-Government? 137
  • Notes 160
  • Nine: The Motor Car Industry 162
  • Ten the Shipbuilding Industry1 186
  • Appendix 10.1 204
  • Appendix 10.1 208
  • Eleven: The Film Industry 212
  • Index 237
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