Labour Governments and Private Industry: The Experience of 1945-1951

By H. Mercer; N. Rollings et al. | Go to book overview
"'Government and the Major Industries'", 22/3/ 1944; PRO CAB87/7 R(44)69 Memorandum by the Minister of Aircraft Production "'Government and the Major Industries'" 31/3/ 1944.
23.
Lee op. cit. pp. 11-17.
24.
Memoirs of the Rt. Hon. the Earl of Woolton ( 1959) p. 169.
25.
PRO ADM1/17794 MG(44)28 Memorandum by the Minister of Aircraft Production "'The Organisation of Supply'" 21/11/ 1944, quoted in P. Winston 'The British Government and Defence Production, 1943-1950' (unpublished PhD, University of Cambridge, 1982) p. 118.
26.
Quoted in Lee op. cit. p. 109.
27.
PRO CAB66/59 WP(44)713 Memorandum by the Chairman of the Machinery of Government Committee "'Organisation of Supply'" 20/12/1944.
28.
C. R. Attlee As It Happened ( 1954); Kenneth Harris Attlee ( 1982) p. 402.
29.
Attlee op. cit. p. 154.
30.
PRO CAB129/2 CP(45)177, 178, 181, 197; PRO CAB128/1 CM(45)37 Conclusions 2/10/ 1945.
31.
Hansard (Commons) 5th Series, Vol. 415, Cols. 35-8, 29/10/1945, statement by Prime Minister.
32.
Williams-Thompson op. cit. p. 8.
33.
The Economist 8/11/1945.
34.
"'Ministry of Supply'" Future No. 3 194719. This article (pp. 17-25) is by far the most detailed contemporary source on the ministry. I am most grateful to Nick Tiratsoo for bringing it to my attention.
35.
Sir Richard Stafford Cripps Democracy Alive: A Selection of Recent Speeches ( 1946) p. 72.
36.
Board of Trade Journal 26/8/1950, see also 8/9/1951.
37.
Staffs employed in Government Departments February 1950 Cmd. 7887 (PP 1950 Vol. XVI). The figures are for 1st October 1949. The suggestion made by PEP that for 1949 the number of civil servants doing civil work in Supply was probably half the number in the Board of Trade and Department of Overseas Trade, is thus likely to be an underestimate ( PEP Government-Industry Relations ( 1952) p. 98).
38.
Williams-Thompson op. cit. p. 8.
42.
Ibid p. 48. See also p. 166. Of course, many of the other production ministers were under Cripps's thumb: Wilson at Trade, Bevan at Health and Gaitskell at Fuel and Power ( Edwin Plowden An Industrialist in the Treasury ( 1986) p. 22).
43.
Harris op. cit. pp. 342-4.
44.
British General Election Manifestos 1918-1966, compiled and edited by F. W. S. Craig ( Chichester, 1970). The 1951 Conservative manifesto was silent on the Ministry of Supply.
45.
PRO DEFE7/282 Report by the Committee on the Organisation and Work of the Scientific Branches of the Ministry of Supply and Admiralty [Chmn. Air Chief Marshal Sir Guy Garrod], 20/4/1951 p. 14.
46.
PRO AVIA54/1464 Minister of Supply "'Some Preliminary Reactions to the Garrod Report'" 1/2/1952.
47.
John W. Wheeler-Bennett John Anderson, Viscount Waverley ( 1962) p. 352.
48.
Statement Relating to Defence Cmd 6743 ( PP 1945-6 Vol. XX). See also Julian Lider British Military Thought after World War II (Aldershot, 1985) pp. 509-16.
49.
Alan Bullock Ernest Bevin: Foreign Secretary, 1945-1951 ( 1985) pp. 128, 240. See also: George Peden "'Economic Aspects of British Perceptions of Power on the Eve of the Cold War'" in J. Becker and F. Knipping eds. Power in Europe? Great Britain, France, Italy and Germany in a Postwar World ( Berlin, 1986) pp. 237-60.
50.
Statement on Defence 1950 Cmd 7895 (PP 1950-1 Vol. XVI Annex II).

-113-

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Labour Governments and Private Industry: The Experience of 1945-1951
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Notes on the Contributors vi
  • Preface vii
  • One: Introduction 1
  • Part One the Policies 13
  • Appendix 2.2 Edited Version of Gen343/4 'Revised Draft of the Bill', 6 February 1951 32
  • Notes 33
  • Three: Productivity Policy 37
  • Four Anti-Monopoly Policy 55
  • Conclusions 69
  • Notes 70
  • Five: Private Industrial Investment 74
  • Six Whatever Happened to the British Warfare State? the Ministry of Supply, 1945-1951 91
  • Notes 113
  • Seven: Taxation Policy 117
  • Part Two the Sectors 135
  • Eight the Cotton Industry: A Middle Way Between Nationalisation and Self-Government? 137
  • Notes 160
  • Nine: The Motor Car Industry 162
  • Ten the Shipbuilding Industry1 186
  • Appendix 10.1 204
  • Appendix 10.1 208
  • Eleven: The Film Industry 212
  • Index 237
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