Roztoky -- The investigation of the most extensive west Slavic settlement accumulation (C6-7)
In connection with the present orientation of archaeology towards the study of settlement structures and relations within particular ecosystems on the level of settlement areas and microregions, complex explorations and investigations of geographically limited areas settled in prehistoric and early historic times are being carried out. Interactions of various scientific disciplines allow us to find answers to fundamental questions about the spatial situation of settlement units and their economic hinterland and of the relations between human communities and their environments in specific circumstances.
A contribution to this complex of problems for the early medieval period has been made by excavations at the Early Slavic settlement area on the northern fringe of the Prague Hollow on the territory of the township of Roztoky. The investigation carried out there started in 1980 as a rescue excavation owing to the reconstruction and electrification of a railway line crossing the site. Since 1987 a research project has been established aimed at the widest aspects of the early medieval settlement: the situation is favourable in that the area had largely not been occupied during the pre-early medieval times: only the northernmost part of the area was densely occupied at that times. The sequence of virtually all prehistoric cultures in the territory of Central Bohemia, from the neolithic down to the Roman period, has been detected.
It is reasonable to adumbrate the main objectives towards which the excavations have been focused. Following the detailed