The World Centre for Jewish Music in Palestine, 1936-1940: Jewish Musical Life on the Eve of World War II

By Philip V. Bohlman | Go to book overview

NOTE ON THE TRANSLATIONS

THE authors of the letters and documents in this volume wrote with many different voices and employed personal styles when writing to the World Centre for Jewish Music in Palestine. Many wrote in languages other than their mother tongues, several even in languages that were new to them, for example languages that they had learned a few months or years before when they had immigrated to a new land. Among those whose voices are found in this volume, there were many who knew Salli Levi or Hermann Swet, some because of years of friendship, others even because of the growing familiarity that resulted from their correspondence with the WCJMP. There are other authors who had no previous contact with Levi or Swet, even with the circle of colleagues that the founders of the WCJMP had attracted to their organization in Jerusalem. Not surprisingly, then, there are letters that express their ideas tentatively and with an uncertainty befitting the political situation faced by Jews in Europe.

These different voices, of course, contribute to the richness of the exchange of ideas and plans that this book documents, but they also complicate the task of translation. I have decided, therefore, to prepare the translations with the hope that they will project the ideas behind the words, ideas which might have been more clearly focused in an author's mother tongue, but which nevertheless break through the grammatical errors in an unfamiliar written German or the formal style of a business letter. In so doing, I believe that I also make it possible for some of the nuances of the individual authors to emerge from the text, their personal relations with Levi or Swet, or the personal nature of their individual situations and the hope that their participation in the WCJMP might somehow resolve those situations.

Because the bulk of the correspondence carried on by the WCJMP used German, the mother tongue of Salli Levi and Hermann Swet, most of the translations in the book are from German into English. The reader will be correct in assuming that the version of a document appearing in this book is a translation from German into English, that is, unless I note in brackets at the beginning of the document that it was originally in another language. The percentage of German documents in the archive of the WCJMP is slightly larger than the percentage in the book, largely as a result of my concept for the book, which has meant

-xxix-

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The World Centre for Jewish Music in Palestine, 1936-1940: Jewish Musical Life on the Eve of World War II
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgements xiv
  • Contents xvii
  • List of Illustrations xxiv
  • List of Abbreviations xxv
  • Glossary xxvi
  • Note on the Translations xxix
  • Introduction 1
  • Part I - European Roots 23
  • 1 - Organizing the Wcjmp in the Diaspora 25
  • 2 - Organizing the Wcjmp Abroad 54
  • 3: Social Conditions for Jewish Musicians in Germany and Europe 78
  • Part II - The Search for Fertile Soil in a New Homeland 113
  • 4 - History of the Wcjmp 115
  • 5 - Financial Endeavours of the Wcjmp 136
  • 6 - Musica Hebraica 158
  • Part III - Toward a New Musical Culture in Palestine and Israel 173
  • 7 - Musical Life in Palestine During the 1930s 175
  • 8 - Aesthetics of Jewish Music 204
  • Epilogue the Music History of the Wcjmp: 'Clues to a Puzzle, a Meaning to the Meaningless' 237
  • Appendix 261
  • Bibliography 275
  • Index 287
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