I am inspired every day by the people of the Korean Community Center of the East Bay in Oakland, California, especially by community worker Kwang Woo Han, and by my students at the University of California at Berkeley. I am indebted to the staff and faculty of the University of California at Berkeley's Asian American Studies program as well: to Sucheng Chan for her comments and criticisms, to Ling Chi Wang for his encouraging support, to Janice Otani, who typed the manuscript and offered many useful suggestions, to Richard Komatsu and Elizabeth Megino, and to Wei Chi Poon and Kathy Hirooka of the Asian American Studies Library for making the task easier in innumerable ways.
I am also very grateful for the support and suggestions of Maxine Hong Kingston, the late Toshio Mori, Bienvenido N. Santos, Harold Hakwon Sunoo, Jere Takahashi, Ronald Takaki, Ronald Tanaka, and Hisaye Yamamoto DeSoto. I would like to thank Alan Covici, Spencer Nakasako, Alvin Planas, Sun-hae Song, and John Takakuwa for their technical assistance, Carey Pelton and Helen Hong for typing part of the manuscript, and my brother, Ronald Kim, for helping with the proofreading. The cover art is derived from an oil painting by Jong-Seung Moon. The artist's permission is gratefully acknowledged.
Parts of Chapter 1 were presented at the 1980 National Conference on Chinese American Studies as "Images of Chinese in Anglo-American Literature", to be published in The Chinese American Experience ( San Francisco: Chinese Culture Center, 1982). The materials on Younghill Kang in Chapter 2 appeared as "Searching for a Door to America: Immigrant Writer, Younghill Kang", Korea Journal, April 1977. The materials on Maxine Hong Kingston in Chapter 6 appeared as "Visions and Fierce Dreams: A Commentary on the Works of Maxine Hong Kingston", Amerasia Journal 8, no. 2 ( 1981): 145-161.