Hába, Alois (b Vizovice, 21 June 1893; d Prague, 18 Nov. 1973). Czech composer. Studied Prague with Novák, Vienna and Berlin with Schreker. The principal advocate of microtonal music, he wrote works, including operas, for specially constructed instruments. Matka ( The Mother, 1931), in the quarter-tone scale, was a sensation on its first production, and was given in Germany and Italy as well as at home. Nová zem(New Land, comp. 1934-6) was in the normal semitonal system; but Pr+̇sijd' království Tvé (comp. 1936- 40) requires the singers to master sixth-tones. Though much admired in his own country, Hába's works have not found wider layout, partly because of the obvious difficulty for most singers of pitching microtones accurately.
Hadjibekov. Azerbaijani family of musicians.
1. Zulfugar Abdul Hussein-ogly (b Shusha, 17 Apr. 1884; d Baku, 30 Sept. 1950). Composer. His works include the opera Ashug-Garib ( 1916) and musical comedies.
2. Uzeir Abdul Hussein-ogly (b Agjabedi, 17 Sept. 1885; d Baku, 23 Nov. 1948). Composer and conductor. Studied Gori, Moscow with Ladukhin, St Petersburg with Kalafaty. Founded first Azerbaijani music school 1922. Produced his opera Leila and Mejnun in Baku, 1908; others are Sheikh Senan ( 1909), Rustum and Sohrab ( 1910), Asli and Kerem( 1912), Shah Abbas and Hurshidbanu( 1912), Harun and Leila ( 1915), and -- his most famous work-Kyor-ogly ( 1937). Also wrote many successful musical comedies.
3, Hussein Aga Sultan-ogly(b Shemakha, 19 May 1898; d Baku, 10 Nov. 1972). Tenor. Studied Baku with Speransky. First appeared in Azerbaijani Singspiels, then in female roles, 1916. Azerbaijan O, 1920, in operas by the two above composers. Moscow 1938, with Baku O. Roles also included Almaviva ( Rossini), Alfredo, Lensky.
4. Sultan Ismail-ogly(b Shusha, 8 May 1919). Composer and conductor. Studied with Zeidman. Conducted Baku musical comedy company 1938-40. Wrote many musical comedies.
Hadley, Henry (b Somerville, MA, 20 Dec. 1871; d New York, 6 Sept. 1937). US conductor and composer. Studied Boston with Emery and Chadwick, Vienna with Mandyczewski. Held various symphonic conducting posts, including associate conductorship of NYPO ( 1920-7), and founded Manhattan Symphony. The easy, late Romantic appeal of his operas, which include Nancy Brown( 1903) and Cleopatra's Night( 1920), has not had lasting significance.
Hadley, Jerry(b Princeton, IN, 16 June 1952). US tenor. Studied Illinois, and with LoMonaco. Début Sarasota 1978 (Lionel). New York: CO 1979, M 1987; Vienna, S, 1982; Gly. and London, CG, 1984; also Chicago, Berlin, Munich, etc. Roles incl. Ferrando, Tamino, Duke of Mantua, Alfredo, Gounod's Faust, Werther, Nadir, Pinkerton, Tom Rakewell. (R)
Haeffiger, Ernst (b Davos, 6 July 1919). Swiss tenor. Studied Vienna with Patzak, Prague with Carpi. Zurich O, 1943-52. Berlin, SO, 1952-74. Gly. 1956. Created Tiresias( Orff Antigonae). Retired 1995. Distinguished in Mozart and modern music, and also for his care with words. (R)
Haenchen, Hartmut (b Dresden, 21 Mar. 1943). German conductor. Studied Dresden Hochschule. Music dir. Zwickau O 1972-3; Schwerin 1976-9. Frequent guest with Berlin, K, and in Vienna, Munich, Warsaw. Music dir. of Netherlands O from 1986; Elektra, Salome, Tristan, Parsifal. London, CG, from 1991: Orfeo ed Euridice, Mitridate. (R)
Hagen. A Gibichung (bs), half-brother of Gunther and Gutrune, in Wagner's Götterdämmerung.
Hager, Leopold (b Salzburg, 6 Oct. 1935). Austrian conductor. Studied Salzburg Mozarteum. Début Mainz 1958 ( L'italiana in Algeri). Linz, Landestheater, 1962-4; Freiburg O 1965-9. Has conducted and recorded the early operas of Mozart, incl. first modern Mitridate, Salzburg 1971. Vienna, S, 1973 (Fidelio). New York, M, from 1976, with Mozart's Da Ponte operas. London, CG, 1978 (Figaro). (R)
Hahn, Reynaldo (b Caracas, 9 Aug. 1875; d Paris, 28 Jan. 1947). French composer, con-