Tabarro, Il (The Cloak). Opera in 1 act by Puccini; text by Adami, after Didier Gold's tragedy La houppelande ( 1910). Pt 1 of Il trittico. Prem. New York, M, 14 Dec. 1918.
A barge on the Seine, Paris, early 20th cent. The bargee Michele (bar) suspects his wife Giorgetta (sop) of unfaithfulness, but tries to win her back by reminding her of how she used to shelter under his cloak. She has arranged a meeting with her lover, the bargehand Luigi (ten), who mistakes Michele's lighting of his pipe for the signal that the coast is clear. Michele kills him and covers the body with his cloak. When Giorgetta appears, Michele invites her under the cloak again; he reveals Luigi's body and flings her down on top of it.
'Tacea la notte placida'. Leonora's (sop) aria in Act I of Verdi Il trovatore, in which she muses to Inez on the mysterious troubadour with whom she has fallen in love.
Taddei, Giuseppe (b Genoa, 26 June 1916). Italian baritone. Studied Rome. Début Rome, R, 1936 ( Herald, Lohengrin). Rome from 1942; Vienna 1946-86; London, Cambridge T 1947, and CG between 1960 and 1967; Milan, S, 1948-51, 1955-61; also New York, M, 19857, Chicago, Salzburg, etc. A versatile singer impressive as Papageno, Figaro, ( Mozart and Rossini), Germont, Macbeth, Falstaff (Verdi), Alberich, Sachs, Scarpia. (R)
Tadolini, Eugenia (b Forlì, 1809; d Naples, ?). Italian soprano. Studied with Favi, Grilli, and her husband, the composer Giovanni Tadolini ( 1785-1872). Début Florence 1828. Paris, I, 1830-2: Milan, S, 1833, 1836, 183840, 1846; Vienna, K, 1842-4; Naples, C, and London, HM, 1848. Retired 1851. Roles included Donna Anna, Rosina, Amina, Norma, Lucia, Anna Bolena, Norina, Odabella; created Linda di Chamounix, Maria di Rohan, Verdi's Alzira. Donizetti thought highly of her ('She is a singer, she is an actress, she is everything') as did Strepponi, also Verdi, though he found her too beautiful, her voice too 'stupendous, clear, and pure', and her singing too 'perfect' for his conception of Lady Macbeth.
Tagliafico, Joseph (b Toulon, 1 Jan. 1821; d Nice, 27 Jan. 1900). French bass. Studied Paris with Piermarini and Lablache. Début Paris, I, 1844. London, CG, 1847-76 ( 1877-82 as stagemanager); also St Petersburg, New York, Paris, etc. An extremely versatile performer with a huge repertory, including Mozart, Rossini, Bellini, Verdi, Berlioz, Gounod.
Tagliavini, Ferruccio (b Reggio Emilia, 14 Aug. 1913; d Reggio Emilia, 28 Jan. 1995). Italian tenor. Studied Parma with Brancucci, Florence with Bassi. Début Florence 1938 (Rodolfo). Milan, S, from 1940; New York, M, 1947-54, 1961-2; London, CG, 1950, 1955-6. Also Buenos Aires, C. Vienna; Paris; Chicago; etc. Retired 1965. A tenore di grazia outstanding as Arturo, Elvino, Edgardo, Nemorino, Werther, Fritz. (R) Married 1941 the Italian soprano Pia Tassinari ( 1903-95), with whom he often performed in Bohème, L'amico Fritz, etc. She studied Bologna with Vezzani. Début Casale Monferrato 1929 (Mimì). Milan, S, 1931-7, 1945-6; Rome 1933-43, 1951-2; New York, M, 1947-8. Later, her voice darkening, sang mez roles, e.g. Carmen, Charlotte. (R)
Tajo. Italo (b Pinerolo, 25 Apr. 1915; d Cincinnati, 29 Mar, 1993). Italian bass. Studied Turin with Bertozzi. Début Turin 1935 (Fafner). Milan, S, 1940-56; Rome 1939-48; London, CG, 1950; S Francisco 1948-56; New York, M, 1948-50, 1975-90. Also Edinburgh; Paris, O; Naples, C; etc. A gifted buffo singer, with a large repertory including Mozart's Dr Bartolo, Leporello, Don Pasquale, Dulcamara, Doktor (Wozzeck), Ochs, and creations in works by Berio, Bucchi, Lualdi, Malipiero, Nono. (R)
Taktakishvili, Otar (b Tbilisi, 27 July 1924; d Tbilisi, 22 Feb. 1989). Georgian composer, conductor, and writer; son of below. Studied Tbilisi with Barkhudaryan. His operatic works include a number of historical and patriotic pieces, such as Mindiya ( 1961) and Sami novela (Three Stories, 1967), which make use of an eclectic and popular style. His many official posts included that of Georgian Minister of Culture.
Taktakishvili, Shalva (b Kvemo Khviti, 27 Aug. 1900; d Tbilisi, 18 July 1965). Georgian