Accomplishments and Limitations
William M. Rohe and Lauren B. Gates
The purposes of this chapter are (1) to review the rationales for planning at the neighborhood level, (2) to review the varieties of neighborhood planning currently practiced, and (3) to present a more detailed description and assessment of city-sponsored neighborhood planning programs. Data on the accomplishments of, and problems with, these programs were collected by means of a survey of the directors of 51 programs and six case studies in which the directors, neighborhood planners, and citizen representatives working with the programs were interviewed. The results indicate a number of program accomplishments including improved physical conditions, communication, and local services. Increased citizen participation, community awareness, and citizen influence were also evident. A number of limitations were also uncovered, including inadequate project implementation, lack of support by public officials, and poor representativeness. Based on these data, suggestions on how to develop a successful neighborhood planning program are offered.
This chapter is based on a larger study published as Planning with Neighborhoods (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1985). Funding for the project was provided by The Center for Urban and Regional Studies at UNC Chapel Hill, and a Junior Faculty Development award provided by the University of North Carolina. Reprinted with permission.