HISTORY OF THE INVESTIGATION.
THIS volume is the result of investigations into the relations of the liquor problem, (1) to poverty, (2) to pauperism, (3) to the destitution and neglect of children, (4) to crime, (5) to the Negroes of the United States, (6) to the Indians of the United States, and (7) the result of studies of social aspects of the saloon in large cities.
So broad a field of research had been mapped out that the impossibility of covering it adequately without generous and extensive coöperation on the part of competent investigators was at once apparent; for it was not so much the purpose to collect and compare already existing data, as to secure statistics and information at first hand. In a work of this nature the scope of the investigations and the methods and mediums of inquiry employed become of paramount interest to the reader.
Drink as a poverty-begetting cause has been studied among two groups of unfortunates sufficiently distinct to render misleading a comparison of statistics relating to them. The first group embraces mainly destitutes who are in need only of temporary relief, or who can be made at least partly self-supporting, with a sprinkling of the permanently poor not yet institutionalized; in other words, the group still struggles against pauperism and continues to mingle with the ordinary pop